Hendrik Antoon Lorentz was a Dutch physicist who explained the theories related to electromagnetic radiation. He mainly concentrated on the relationship between magnetism, light, and electricity.
Lorentz force is defined as the combination of the magnetic and electric force on a point charge due to electromagnetic fields. It is used in electromagnetism and is also known as the electromagnetic force. In the year 1895, Hendrik Lorentz derived the modern formula of Lorentz force.
Lorentz force formula for the charged particle is as follows:
\(F=q(E+v*B)\) |
Where,
Lorentz force formula for continuous charge distribution is as follows:
\(dF=dq(E+v*B)\) |
Where,
When a small piece of charge distribution is divided by the volume dV, following is the formula:
f = \(\rho\) (E+v*B) |
Where,
With the help of right-hand rule, it becomes easy to find the direction of the magnetic part of the force.
The right-hand rule is useful to find the magnetic force as it becomes easy to visualize the direction as given in Lorentz force law.
From the above figure, it is understood that magnetic force is perpendicular to both the magnetic field and charge velocity.