Exam: GATE
GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering  The concerned authorities have released the GATE syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering. Candidates will access the syllabus of GATE 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering in online mode.
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Get UpdatesThe sections and topics which have to be studied by the candidates for the exam will be listed out in GATE 2022 syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering. All aspirants are advised to check the GATE syllabus before commencing the preparation process for Instrumentation Engineering. Using the syllabus, the candidates will be able to prepare for the GATE in a much better way. Read the full article to know more about GATE 2022 syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering.
The GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering is now available online. Candidates can check the previous year's GATE IN syllabus from the table below.
GATE Syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering
Name  Topics 
Engineering Mathematics 

Electricity and Magnetism  Coulomb's Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss's Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane, and spherical charge distributions, Effect of the dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations. 
Electrical Circuits and Machines  Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; vi relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductance and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation. Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems. Peak, average and rms values of ac quantities; apparent, active and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements. transient analysis of RLC circuits with ac excitation. Oneport and twoport networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open, and short circuit parameters. Singlephase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Threephase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torquespeed characteristics, noload and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines 
Signals and Systems  Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and ztransforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and secondorder linear timeinvariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discretetime system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters. 
Control Systems  Feedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steadystateerrors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and leadlag compensators, statespace representation of systems; timedelay systems; mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and stepper motors, servo valves; onoff, P, PI, PID, cascade, feedforward, and ratio controllers, tuning of PID controllers and sizing of control valves. 
Analog Electronics  Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; smallsignal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of ideal and practical operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters, oscillators, signal generators, voltagecontrolled oscillators and phaselocked loop, sources and effects of noise and interference in electronic circuits. 
Digital Electronics  Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multivibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sampleandhold circuit, multiplexer, analogtodigital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigmadelta) and digitaltoanalog converters (weighted R, R2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, Embedded Systems: Microprocessor and microcontroller applications, memory and inputoutput interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems, basics of distributed control systems (DCS) and programmable logic controllers (PLC). 
Measurements  SI units, standards (R,L,C, voltage, current and frequency), systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty  accuracy and precision, propagation of errors, linear and weighted regression. Bridges: Wheatstone, Kelvin, Megohm, Maxwell, Anderson, Schering and Wien for measurement of R, L, Cand frequency, Qmeter. Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers, timer/counter, time, phaseand frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding. 
Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation  Resistive, capacitive, inductive, piezoelectric, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (variable head, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement. 420 mA twowire transmitter. 
Communication and Optical Instrumentation  Amplitude and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon's sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude, phase, frequency, quadrature amplitude, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photodiode, lightdependent resistor,squarelaw detectors, and their characteristics; interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing. UVVIS Spectrophotometers, Mass spectrometer. 
To check the syllabus of GATE 2022 Instrumentation Engineering  Click Here
S.No  Particulars  Details 
1  Mode of Exam  ComputerBased Examination 
2  Types of Questions  Two types of questions will be asked:

3  Number of Questions  65 Questions 
4  Total Marks  100 Marks 
5  Sections  There will be three sections in the paper of GATE 2022 Instrumentation Engineering

6  General Aptitude Section  The General Aptitude section will be mandatory and will consist of 10 questions. 5 of the questions will be of 1 mark and the remaining will be of 2 marks. The total marks of the section will be 15 marks. 
7  Marking Scheme 

During preparation for GATE 2022, it is important that the candidates select the correct books to study. Candidates can check the list of referred books for Instrumentation Engineering. By referring to these books, the candidates can boost their preparation process.
S.No.  Reference books  Authors 
1.  Mathematics  Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig, Gate Engineering Mathematics by Made Easy 
2.  Network Theory  Engineering Circuit Analysis by Steven M. Durbin, Jack E. Kemmerly, William H. Hayt 
3.  Analog Electronics  Fundamentals of Microelectronics by Behzad Razavi GATE  Electronics & Communication (Analog Circuits Volume 5 of 10) by R K Kanodia 
4.  Digital Electronics  Solved previous year questions from EC and IN streams 
5.  Signals and Systems  Signals And Systems (Schaum’s Outline Series) by HP HSU Signals & Systems by Alan V. Oppenheim 
6.  Communication Systems  Modern Digital and Analog Communication System by B P Lathi 
7.  Electrical and Electronic Measurements  A Course In Electrical And Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation by A K Sawhney 
8.  Control System  Automatic Control Systems by B C Kuo 
9.  Process Control  Process Control: Modeling, Design, And Simulation by B. Wayne Bequette 
10.  Transducers  Introduction to Measurements and Instrumentation by Arun K Ghosh 